The Principles of AeroPonic Plant Cloning

The Principles of AeroPonic Plant Cloning

-Aeroponic gardening makes cloning plants easier, cleaner, and faster. In plant cloning, a gardener uses a parent plant to produce a new, genetically identical one. The new plant will have all the same characteristics of its parent, if all environmental factors are monitored. In aeroponics, plants develop fast, including their roots. This fast root development makes it easier for growers to choose the best roots and produce the best possible new plants.

-In aeroponics, the roots are exposed, making them easy to evaluate, and eliminating the risk that comes from damaging the roots when removing them from the soil. Aeroponic plant cloning is advantageous, because plant clippings should get the highest amount of oxygen necessary for successful plant cloning and development. Plant roots in aeroponics gardening are constantly exposed to air, leading to a high oxygen intake by the plants and the plant clones.

-Lack of oxygen causes root rot, killing the cuttings dead. A humidity level of seventy to eighty percent also creates the ideal conditions for plant cloning, and the closed, moist aeroponics environments help foster the appropriately humid conditions. Gardeners should use gauges to monitor all the necessary plant conditions, particularly at the crucial early stages with their plant clippings, when the plants are at their most vulnerable to changes in their immediate environment.

-Aeroponic plant cloning is often done through the use of aeroponics cloning machines. Cuttings from parent plants are placed on foam discs in cloning machines after being bathed in a rooting or cloning solution. The cuttings should be three to six inches long, with no extra leaves or parts. Root development normally occurs after a few days, signified by the appearance of small white areas at the stem. After a healthy rooting system has developed, clones can be transplanted, which normally occurs after one to two weeks. Fast and healthy cloning requires optimal temperatures and other conditions.


-The health of the parent plant is key to the success of plant cloning, aeroponics or otherwise. Infected parent plants will pass it on to the cuttings, due to their own stressors, and the tendency of new plants to inherit parental characteristics. Low humidity levels can cause transpiration, leading to a loss of moisture, and potentially killing the cuttings. Lighting is also important: fluorescent lights are a good choice, particularly in the early stages of cutting when the young plants are most vulnerable to outside stress.

-The right amount of carbon dioxide is crucial, as well as the location: carbon dioxide is absorbed through the leaves in photosynthesis, which generates the energy necessary for growth. The root area should be guarded against carbon dioxide: the direct addition of carbon dioxide to the roots can be damaging, and the roots will benefit from the effects of photosynthesis to the same extent as the rest of the plant. The choice of rooting hormone varies depending on the plant in question. Aeroponic plant cloning is a delicate but worthwhile procedure.

 

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Taylor Judice
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